What is the difference between gingivitis and periodontitis?
Both gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by bacteria in your mouth on your teeth and in your gums. Plaques are formed and it is the bacteria in these plaques that cause both gingivitis and periodontitis.
Gingivitis (gum inflammation) usually comes before periodontitis (gum disease). However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. But, when gingivitis is left untreated, it can become periodontitis and when that happens the inner layer of the gums pulls away from the teeth, leaving little spaces which can become infected. When this happens, tooth loss can occur.